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How much do you know about ball valves?

by: Apr 02,2024 82 Views 0 Comments Posted in CNC Machining

ball valves

Introduction

A ball valve is a widely used type of valve in the field of fluid control. Its distinguishing feature is the control of fluid flow and shut-off by rotating the position of a ball within the valve. Here is a detailed description of the ball valve:


1. Applications:

Ball valves find broad applications in various industries and fields, including petroleum, chemical, natural gas, water treatment, pharmaceuticals, metallurgy, and energy. They are commonly used for fluid cutoff, regulation, diversion, and control.


2. Material Selection:

The choice of materials for ball valves largely depends on the characteristics of the fluid and the working environment. Common materials for ball valves include stainless steel, copper alloys, cast iron, aluminum alloys, and plastics. Material selection considers factors such as corrosiveness of the fluid, temperature, pressure, and service life requirements.


3. Classification:

Based on different structures and movement modes, ball valves can be classified into various types:

- Floating Ball Valve: The ball is fixed in the valve body by the valve stem, which is connected to the operating lever.

- Trunnion Mounted Ball Valve: The ball is supported by upper and lower trunnions in the valve body and can withstand higher fluid pressure.

- V Port Ball Valve: The ball has a V-shaped cut, allowing for precise regulation of fluid flow and direction.

- Multi-Port Ball Valve: It has multiple outlet channels that allow for diversion or mixing of fluids.


4. Standards:

Manufacturing and usage of ball valves must comply with certain standards to ensure performance and quality. Common standards include API 6D, API 608, API 607 by the American Petroleum Institute (API), ISO 17292 by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), EN standards by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN), Chinese national standards (GB/T), as well as industry association standards.


5. International Ball Valve Standard System:

An international standard system for ball valves includes the following main standards:

- ANSI/API Standards: Developed jointly by API and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), including API 6D, API 608, API 607.

- ISO Standards: Developed by ISO, including ISO 17292, ISO 5211.

- EN Standards: Developed by CEN, including EN 12516, EN 1983.


Four Types of Ball Valves and Their Seal Face Formulations

1. Floating Ball Valve:

The floating ball valve is a commonly used type of ball valve where the ball is fixed in the valve body by the valve stem.

 

 Here are the details:

(1). Standards: The manufacturing and usage of floating ball valves must conform to certain standards. Common standards include API 6D, API 598, ISO 17292, EN, and GB/T.

(2). International Standard System: Floating ball valves are governed by ANSI/API, ISO, and EN standards.

(3). Advantages: The advantages of floating ball valves include quick switching and shut-off capability, low fluid resistance, excellent sealing performance, high pressure resistance, and a long service life.

(4). Disadvantages: Floating ball valves have limited flow control capability, potential leakage risks, and relatively larger space requirements for installation.


2. Trunnion Mounted Ball Valve:

The trunnion mounted ball valve is another commonly used type of ball valve. The ball is supported by upper and lower trunnions in the valve body.

 

 Here are the details:

(1). Standards: The manufacturing and usage of trunnion mounted ball valves must conform to certain standards. Common standards include API 6D, API 598, ISO 17292, EN, and GB/T.

(2). International Standard System: Trunnion mounted ball valves are governed by ANSI/API, ISO, and EN standards.

(3). Advantages: The advantages of trunnion mounted ball valves include high pressure resistance, reliable sealing and high flow control capability, making them suitable for large-diameter valve applications.

(4). Disadvantages: Trunnion mounted ball valves require greater operating force, especially when multiple channels need simultaneous operation. Maintenance and repair can also be complex due to their structural intricacy.


3. V Port Ball Valve:

The V Port ball valve features a V-shaped cut in its ball body.

 

Here are the details:

(1). Standards: The manufacturing and usage of V Port ball valves must conform to certain standards. Common standards include API 6D, API 598, ISO 17292, EN, and GB/T.

(2). International Standard System: V Port ball valves fall within the ANSI/API, ISO, and EN standard systems.

(3). Advantages: The advantages of V Port ball valves include precise fluid regulation, accurate flow control, excellent wear and corrosion resistance, and suitability for high-temperature and high-pressure environments.

(4). Disadvantages: V Port ball valves have relatively poorer sealing due to the smaller contact area between the ball body and the seat, requiring higher operating forces and introducing greater fluid resistance.


4. Multi-Port Ball Valve:

The multi-port ball valve is a special type of ball valve that features multiple fluid channels.

 

Here are the details:

(1). Standards: The manufacturing and usage of multi-port ball valves must conform to certain standards. Common standards include API 6D, API 598, ISO 17292, EN, and GB/T.

(2). International Standard System: Multi-port ball valves fall within the ANSI/API, ISO, and EN standard systems.

(3). Advantages: The advantages of multi-port ball valves include multiple channel designs that allow for fluid combination, diversion, and control in complex processes. The simple and compact structure provides easy installation, high-pressure and corrosion resistance, and strong flow control capabilities.

(4). Disadvantages: The complexity in design increases manufacturing costs, requires higher operating forces, particularly when multiple channels need simultaneous operation, and demands good sealing capabilities for every connection point and channel to avoid leakage.


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